In this article, we will talk about the Types of snakes, as well as what are the characteristics and lifestyles of their different species of Snakes. Snakes are a subclass of the reptile class. They differ from other reptiles in an elongated body, as well as the absence of moving eyelids, the external auditory canal, and paired limbs. In lizards, each of these characters also appears. Snakes came (probably) exactly from them during the Cretaceous period (ie about 135-65 million years ago). However, all together, these signs are characteristic only of snakes. Today, about 3,000 of their species are known. They will help you better imagine some of the types of snake photos you will find in this article.
TYPES OF SNAKES AND THEIR DESCRIPTION WITH A PHOTO. SNAKE – DESCRIPTION, CHARACTERISTICS, STRUCTURE
- Lifestyle of Snakes
These animals are predators. Many of them capture prey significantly larger than the snake itself. Small and small individuals usually feed on insects, mollusks, worms, some also reptiles, amphibians, fish, birds, rodents, and larger mammals. It can take several months between two meals.
In most cases, snakes move motionless, waiting for their prey, after which they rush with astonishing speed and begin to swallow. Poisonous species snake and then wait for the venom to work. The Boas drown the victim, wrapped around him.
Various species of snakes are found everywhere except the small ocean islands and New Zealand. They live in forests, deserts, steppes, basements and the sea. Most species live in the warmer countries of Africa and East Asia. More than 50% of Australian snakes are venomous.
Snakes usually live 5-10 years and some people up to 30-40 years. They feed on many mammals and birds (crows, eagles, storks, hedgehogs, pigs and predators), as well as other snakes.
- Ways of moving
There are several ways to move them. The snake usually bends in a zigzag pattern and repels parts of the body adjacent to the ground. The species of snakes that live in the desert use “side”: the body touches the surface only in two places, its front part (in the direction of movement) moves laterally, after which the back part is “pulled”, etc.
The accordion is another way of moving, characterized by the fact that the body of the snake is concentrated in narrow loops and its front part moves forward. Also, large snakes move in a “caterpillar course” in a straight line, clinging to the ground with shields and stretched muscles located in the abdominal part of the body.
- Snake Venom
About 500 species of snakes are dangerous to humans. Up to 1.5 million people are exposed to their stings each year and up to 50,000 die. Of course, this is not the most common cause of death today. However, it is important to be able to determine what species the snake belongs to if it is venomous. Snakes for no reason do not attack and try to save their venom.
Scientists have developed special sera, which have significantly reduced the number of deaths from their stings. In Thailand, for example, up to 10,000 people die each year in the early 20th century, and today only about 20 people. Snake venom is used in small quantities for medical purposes, has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and stimulates tissue regeneration.
Suborder Snakes are divided into 8-16 families. Imagine the main types of snakes and their names with photos.
- #1. Blinds
These are small snakes with a worm-shaped body. They are adapted for underground life: the head of these creatures is covered with large shields, the skull bones are tightly spliced and a small tail serves as a support for the body while moving in the thickness of the ground. Their eyes are almost completely reduced. Pelvic debris was found in abusers. About 170 species belong to this family, most of which live in subtropical and tropical regions.
- #2. Imitation
They got their name because of the presence of the basic elements of their hind limbs, which turned into nails located on the sides of the anus. The revised python and anaconda are pseudopods – the largest snakes of modern times (they can grow up to 10 meters in length). About 80 species include 3 subfamilies (Sand Boas, Pythons and Boas). These snakes live in the subtropics and tropics, and some species live in the arid regions of Central Asia.
- #3. Aspid snakes
They include more than 170 species, including mamba and cobra. A feature of these snakes is the lack of cheekbones. They have a short tail, elongated body and large shields covering the head in the right shape. The representatives of ambition follow an earthly way of life. Distributed mainly in Australia and Africa.
The most dangerous type of black snake is the black mamba. It lives in different parts of the African continent. This snake is known to be very aggressive. Its casting is extremely accurate. The black mamba is the fastest snake on earth. It can reach speeds of up to 20 km / h. The black mamba can make 12 stings in a row.
Its venom is a fast-acting neurotoxin. The snake ejects about 100-120 mg of venom in one injection. If you do not provide medical assistance to a person as soon as possible, death occurs, depending on the nature of the bite, between 15 minutes and 3 hours. Other types of black snakes are less dangerous. The mortality rate from a black mamba bite without antidote is 100% – the highest of all venomous snakes.
- #4. Sea snakes
Most of them never go to earth. They live in water, to which these snakes adapt: they have light volumetric valves that close the nostrils, the tail of the oars and the improved body. These snakes are very venomous. About 50 species belong to this family. They live in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The most venomous snake species in the world is the Belcher (sea snake). It is named after Edward Belcher, a researcher. Sometimes this snake is called differently – striped sea snake. Rarely attacks a person.
You have to work very hard to get this snake to bite, so cases of attack are extremely rare. It can be found in the waters of Northern Australia and Southeast Asia.
- #5. Viper
They have a thick body, a flat triangular head, a vertical daughter, a tracheal lung and developed venom glands. Rattlesnakes and flies belong to the pit family and real vipers include sandy epha, gyurza and viper. The family includes about 120 species of snakes.
- #6. Already
Representatives of this family are about 70% of all modern snakes. Many types of snakes and their names. There are about 1,500 species. They are ubiquitous and adapted to live in burrows, forest litter, trees, lakes and semi-deserts. These snakes are distinguished by a variety of transport methods and food preferences. In general, this family is characterized by the absence of movable tubular teeth, left lung, posterior limb substrate. Their upper jaw is in a horizontal position.
- #7. Snakes of Russia
What kind of snakes live in Russia? According to various sources, there are about 90 of them in our country, including 10-16 poisonous. Let us briefly describe the main types of snakes in Russia.
It is a large snake, which can reach 140 cm in length. It is spread over a huge area from Scandinavia in North America, as well as in Central Mongolia to the east. In Russia he already lives mainly in the European part. Its color is from dark gray to black. The bright spots that form a crescent are located on the sides of the head. They are bordered by black stripes.
Representatives of this species of snakes prefer moist areas. They hunt mainly toads and frogs during the day, and occasional birds and small lizards. Oh – this is an active snake. It crawls fast, swims perfectly and climbs trees. He is already trying to hide when he is discovered, and if he does not succeed, he relaxes his muscles and opens his mouth, thus pretending to be dead.
Large snakes curl into a ball and whistle menacingly, but rarely bite a person. In case of danger, in addition, the newly caught catches (in some cases quite viable) leak and release the dirty liquid from the shed.
- #8. Copper
This snake is widespread in the European part of our country. Its length reaches 65 cm. The body color of this snake is from gray to red-brown. Dark spots in many rows are located along the body. Copper can be distinguished from a round pupil by an adder, somewhat similar to it. When in danger, the snake gathers its body in a tight piece and hides its head. Caught by a man’s bronze coin. It can bite the skin before the blood.
- #9. Common viper
This snake is quite large. Her body length reaches 75 cm. She has a triangular head and a thick body. The color of the viper is from gray to red-brown. A dark zigzag band runs along its body, an X-shaped shape is visible on the head, as well as 3 large worms – 2 parietal and frontal. The viper has a vertical daughter. The contour between the neck and the head is clearly discernible.
This snake is widespread in the forest steppe and forests of the European part of Russia, as well as in the Far East and Siberia. It prefers swampy forests, glades, as well as lakes and rivers. The viper settles in burrows, pits, rotten stumps, among the bushes. Most often, this species of snake is inactivated in groups in burrows, hiding under straw and tree roots.
In March-April, the vipers leave in winter. In the afternoon, they like to enjoy the sun. These snakes usually hunt at night. Their prey is small rodents, chicks, frogs. Reproduced in mid-May, the pregnancy lasts 3 months. An adder carries 8-12 young, each up to 17 cm long. The first foal appears a few days after the birth of the individuals. Subsequently, vipers melt at intervals of about once or twice a month. They live 11-12 years.
Very often, a person meets a viper. We must remember that they like to spend their time in the sun on hot days. Vipers can crawl up a fire at night, as well as climb a tent. The distribution density of these snakes is very uneven. You may not meet an individual in a fairly large area, but in some places they form entire “snake outbreaks”. These snakes are not aggressive and will not be the first to attack a person. They always prefer to hide.
- #10. Steppe vipers
This type of snake is distinguished by the sharp edges of the snout, as well as by smaller sizes than an ordinary viper. His body color is duller. Dark spots are located on the sides of the body. The steppe viper lives in the zone of forests and steppes of the European part of our country, in the Caucasus and in the Crimea. He lives 7-8 years.
- #11. Common muzzle
This species of snake inhabits vast areas from the mouth of the Volga to the shores of the Pacific Ocean. Up to 70 cm is the length of its body, the color is brown or gray with large dark spots along the ridge.
- #12. Tiger already
This is an intense snake that lives in the Far East. Usually the upper part of her body is light green with transverse black stripes. The scales between the strips in front of the body are red. The body length of a tiger snake reaches 110 cm. The spinal cord glands are located on the upper side of his neck. The caustic secret they secrete defeats the predators. This type of snake prefers wet places. The tiger already eats frogs, fish and toads.
- #13. Cobra of Central Asia
This large snake, whose length reaches 160 meters. Body color is olive or brown. When a cobra is disturbed, it lifts the front of its body and inflates a “hood” around its neck. This snake, attacks, makes several lightning’s, one of them ends with a bite. The Central Asian cobra lives in central Asia, in the southern regions.
- #14. Efa sand
Up to 80 cm in length reaches this type of snake. The transverse stripes of light go along the ridge, slightly zigzagging – on the sides of the body. The sandy efa feeds on birds and small rodents, other snakes and frogs. The speed of the shots distinguishes the efu. Emits a dry rustle when moving. This snake lives on the east coast of the Caspian Sea and is distributed in the Aral Sea.
- #15. Titanoboa
This extinct species of snake is today the largest among the other species that have ever lived on our planet. Titanoboa existed more than 50 million years ago, in the time of the dinosaurs. Today, their apparent offspring are snakes from the boa subfamily. Anaconda of South America is their most famous representative. Although it is significantly smaller in size than the Titanoboa, it has many similar characteristics to this species. At the New York Museum, you can see a mechanical replica of the Titanoboa. About 15 meters is the size of this snake.
- #16. Domestic snakes
There are many types of domestic snakes. Snakes are one of the most interesting creatures used as pets. And although they are wild predators, snakes can become obedient if taken into account.
A corn snake is very popular as a pet. She is obedient, it is easy to take care of her, however, precisely because of the genetic diversity this species is so popular today.
The fact is that most people of this species have suffered from genetic mutations, for example, albinism, and today they have some of the most beautiful colors among snakes in the world. The Royal python is also quite popular. This is a very obedient animal. The life expectancy of this species reaches 40 years. The royal snake is muscular with a strong body. It is 1.6 m long. Boa is also popular. He is from Central America. This snake is a predator known to destroy large prey. Before eating the victim, he strangles him and the strong jaw muscles and sharp teeth help in swallowing quickly. The Boa reaches a maturity of 2-3 meters. Her body colors and patterns are very different, but brown and gray predominate. For a boa,
Well, we have listed the features that different types of snakes have and their names with photos. Of course, this is incomplete information. We have described only the main types of snakes. The photos presented above acquaint the readers with their most interesting representatives.
The snow has melted a long time ago, the cold has finally subsided, which means that lovers of outdoor activities, summer residents and lovers of village life are beginning to think about their own safety. The forest is not only a source of fresh air, beautiful species, mushrooms and berries. Its shady mountain range is home to a variety of reptiles.
Snakes are cold-blooded reptiles. Their habitat is scattered on all continents except Antarctica. The list, which contains the name of snakes, has about three thousand species. In the Russian Federation, their number is limited. According to official figures, only ninety species live in our territory. Among them, there are people who pose a threat to human life, as well as those who are completely harmless. Snake types and their names are of interest to many people who want to protect themselves and their loved ones.
- #17. Viper
This is probably the most famous animal in Russia, which belongs to the category of “poisonous snakes”. This person’s names are different. They are often affected by reptile habitat. Common viper can be found in forests and steppe zone. Favorite places of residence are the swamps, railings, as well as the area near the reservoirs. The most widespread was in the European territory of the state, in Siberia, in the Far East.
It is small compared to others, as a rule, reaches a length of not more than seventy-five centimeters. But closer to the north, individuals grow up to one meter. The viper does not attack humans for no reason. When she meets him, she usually tries to leave. Only in case of threat does he take a defensive position: whistle threateningly, making warning shots. For this reason, sudden movements should be avoided when encountering an adder.
By nature, completely harmless creatures. Very often they die at the hands of a person who has not studied the names of snakes, the description and the differences between them. very similar to a venomous viper. People who confuse them with each other, deliberately kill reptiles, want to protect themselves from a bite.
Snakes are widespread throughout the European part of the country, with the exception of the polar regions. It is very often found in the Far East, near Lake Baikal and in Siberia. The name of the snakes often affects the name of the area in which they live. Thus, in Ukraine there is the city of Uzhgorod and the river Uzh, named after this animal.
Reach a length of ninety centimeters. They prefer to live near water bodies in which water flows. Unlike the Russians, the Ukrainians and Belarusians are in no hurry to kill snakes. The inhabitants domesticated them. These harmless creatures, in fact, come into contact very easily. And it will not be difficult for a person to make friends with him. Cold blood snakes are by nature excellent mousetraps. They can even be used on the farm.
This reptile got its name because of the color. Contrary to popular belief, it is not a venomous snake. He lives all over the state. Recently, man has begun to increasingly destroy the natural environment of his habitat. This has led to the fact that the number of such individuals is declining rapidly. In addition, copper, along with snakes, is destroyed by humans themselves, mistakenly misleading them as venomous snakes.
The length of the reptiles is relatively small, only seventy centimeters. Common habitats: forests in the Federation. Decals especially liked the edges of deciduous, coniferous or even mixed arrays. The most beloved habitat is considered to be well heated by the sun. It is extremely rare for copperfish to be found in open areas.
- #19. Gyurza
Direct relative of the viper. It belongs to her family, which means it is just as poisonous. Compared to the viper, the gyurza is a very large snake, with well-developed muscles. The length of the person reaches one and a half meters. Lives in southern Siberia. Gyurza poison has many properties that allow doctors to appreciate it and use it extensively to create medicines. This snake itself is very daring. Nevertheless, he never attacks a person unless he causes it himself. If the collision happened unexpectedly, for example, they attacked a gourd, it immediately attacks the perpetrator, like the other snakes. Photos and names of other family members, such as the Armenian or the nose, can be found in any encyclopedia.
- #20. Muzzle
The name of the snakes in this category will be presented below. There are three types: Ussuri, as well as rocky. They are characterized by habitat. The common snout lives in a fairly wide area from the mouth of the Volga River to the shores of the Pacific Ocean. It is seventy centimeters long, the color is dirty gray or brown with large dark spots along the ridge. The head is covered with shields, thanks to which the snakes got their name.
The animal venom contains hemotoxins, which cause heavy bleeding and extensive necrosis. In addition, it contains a certain amount of neurotoxins that have a strong effect on the nervous system of the human body, as well as cause paralysis. Deaths after a muzzle bite were not officially recorded. However, this does not mean that a snake can be easily provoked in a meeting. The bite is extremely painful, as are its consequences.
- #21. Tiger already
The name of snakes of this species is due to the characteristic color. He lives in the Far East. It has a bright green color with dark stripes all over the body. On the front of the body, the gaps between them are red. Reach a little more than a meter in length. They prefer to live in fairly humid places. They hunt frogs and fish.
The venomous teeth of the tiger snake are located in the depths of the jaw, ie they are created for prey that has already entered the mouth. If for some reason the snake manages to bite a person, it will experience painful poisoning, similar to the effects of viper venom. The bleeding is difficult to stop. After a bite, the victim should contact a hematologist immediately to prescribe a course of specific treatment.
Imagination with its quantity and variety. Snakes are part of the reptile category, scaly group. In the subset of snakes, different scientists distinguish between 8 and 20 families. This discrepancy is related to the discovery of new species and their classification difficulties. Numerous families include:
Snakes are known to many peoples because they have dominated all continents except Antarctica, of course, as they are cold-blooded. Most snakes prefer a warm climate; they live in the equator and tropics. As you move on the poles, the number of snakes decreases. And only an ordinary viper can live in a cold climate. Snakes live in a wide variety of places. Sea snakes live in the ocean. This is a whole family, most species of which even offspring breed off the coast. Some species of the original, calcium, viper lead to an underground way of life. Snakes have dominated deserts and steppes, forests and mountains, rivers and lakes. The lifestyle of trees is guided by certain types of badges, headaches, shields, boas.
Snakes are quite unusual creatures, with an original appearance and strange, charming ways of moving. Their amazing behavior and the toxicity of many agents always attract people’s attention. Snakes are the heroes of many myths and legends, often causing superstitious fears. To date, about 3,000 species of snakes have been discovered! Think of the famous species of snakes.
The common is the most common type of venomous snake in Eurasia. There is a distinctive mark on the head – a pair of bright spots. Ordinary lives already where they are wet, there are water bodies, it goes into the sun for a long time, it climbs smart trees. Already swims and dives well, under water can remain for a long time. When he approaches a person, he tries to hide, whistles, but rarely bites.
If you take it in your hands, it can stain the “invader” with belching and liquid from the cloaca and after that it pretends to be very dead. It feeds on nerves, frogs, toads. The toad does not run away from the snake, but tries to scare it – it swells, climbs as high as possible, because a large toad is difficult to swallow and the venom of its skin is harmful to the snake. But these toad tricks do not always save.
Reticulated python – is the longest snake recorded by scientists with a length of 12 meters. These pythons live in Asia. The black python can climb the tree for prey, it loves water. Python’s mother is very responsible – she keeps and warms her masonry, raising her body temperature, stretching her muscles. These are generally peaceful creatures, but they are able to hunt poultry, piglets. But its close relative – the 8-meter-long tiger python – often lives in Indian homes, helping to fight rodents.
Anaconda is the heaviest snake, its weight can reach two cents! This snake is very strong because there are no large bones in its body, and such a decent weight falls mainly on the muscles. Anaconda nostrils are closed with special valves so that they can be under water for a long time. It was once called boa water. Anaconda gives birth to live babies – they are ovoviviparous. Many Native American breeds value anaconda meat and skin.
The common viper is the most common in Russia and the most famous of venomous snakes in Europe. It lives from the forest steppe in the natural forest-tundra zone, in the Taiga zone. Vipers often live in pairs on 2-4 hectares. However, dozens of people can gather for the winter, forming “snake outbreaks”.
Two factors contribute to this. First, it is not so easy to find a reliable shelter, and secondly, together it is easier to retain their heat. In particularly severe winters, cold-blooded animals can die en masse, something that almost never happens with snails. Even a temporary cooling will not surprise them – they will hide in advance in their winter shelters, which are located under the freezing zone.
Vipers can be dormant for six months, waking up in early spring. They enjoy the sun at dawn and sunset, which helps them digest food while avoiding direct sunlight. Young vipers feed on insects and rodents dominate the diet of adults. The bite of an ordinary viper is not fatal to a person, the former never attacks, but whistles and makes false attacks to scare. The viper has tubular, venomous teeth, at rest, located in the mouth parallel to the palate.
The teeth are mobile – the mouth opens and becomes perpendicular to the palate. Since they are quite large, this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process. which helps them digest food while avoiding direct rays. Young vipers feed on insects and rodents dominate the diet of adults. The bite of an ordinary viper is not fatal to a person, the former never attacks, but whistles and makes false attacks to scare.
The viper has tubular, venomous teeth, at rest, located in the mouth parallel to the palate. The teeth are mobile – the mouth opens and becomes perpendicular to the palate. Since they are quite large, this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process.
which helps them digest food while avoiding direct rays. Young vipers feed on insects and rodents dominate the diet of adults. The bite of an ordinary viper is not fatal to a person, the former never attacks, but whistles and makes false attacks to scare.
The viper has tubular, venomous teeth, at rest, located in the mouth parallel to the palate. The teeth are mobile – the mouth opens and becomes perpendicular to the palate. Since they are quite large, this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process.
The bite of an ordinary viper is not fatal to a person, the former never attacks, but whistles and makes false attacks to scare. The viper has tubular, venomous teeth, at rest, located in the mouth parallel to the palate.
The teeth are mobile – the mouth opens and becomes perpendicular to the palate. Since they are quite large, this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process. The bite of an ordinary viper is not fatal to a person, the former never attacks, but whistles and makes false attacks to scare. The viper has tubular, venomous teeth, at rest, located in the mouth parallel to the palate. The teeth are mobile – the mouth opens and becomes perpendicular to the palate. Since they are quite large, this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process.
this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process. this snake strikes them like a knife. The venom paralyzes the snake’s prey and speeds up the digestion process.
Sandy efa – the owner of one of the most valuable poisons, used to create not only serums, but also drugs. In the sand, as if especially for snakes, she leaves her “autograph” – individual dashes with a hook at the end, parallel to each other, but at an angle to the line of motion. Sand is a bad support for a snake’s body, so such a “lateral passage” has developed.
The snake pulls the back of the body and throws it forward and sideways, leans to its side and does not touch the middle part of the body of the sand, pulls the front. The movement itself is asymmetrical so that the load on the muscles is the same, the snakes crawl forward on one side or the other.
Efa is small (a little more than half a meter), her threat is two moving half rings and a whistle. The attack can be so rapid that experienced fishermen do not always encounter this snake.
The King cobra is one of the most famous snakes, it is also the largest of all venomous – up to 5.5 meters. In the diet of this cobra are snakes of other species. The threat posture is an elevated front of the body and a swollen hood. By biting, the cobra injects a significant amount of venom, which is strong. The amount and quality of this venom can destroy an elephant. However, it can regulate excretion and, by biting a person, covers the ducts of toxic glands. Scientists suggest that the cobra saves poison for real prey.
A quick bite for a cobra is impossible – the teeth are close, to penetrate deeper and inject venom, it is necessary to squeeze the jaw repeatedly. Cobras make their nest in a mountain of leaves.
A variety of beautiful snake photos – venomous and not – from around the world.
It was already a lawn. The snake is not venomous and in the photo the snake yawns after a rich dinner to put its jaw in place and restore breathing.
Jameson mamba, a cute two-meter-long green snake whose venom has a neuro-paralytic effect. The muscles of the respiratory system refuse and the victim slowly but surely suffocates. Then the snake eats with him. He lives in Africa. There is also a black mamba, its length is 4 meters, which is as poisonous as green, but they are more afraid. It is believed that if the black mamba crawls, you are waiting for death. Either crawling and biting, or you just die in an accident. It is believed that biting a mamba is deadly, but this is not the case. If you take serum within an hour after the bite, then survival is guaranteed. It is almost impossible to get away from the snake, the mamba moves at a speed of 11 km / h.
Jason Mamba. Photo by Matthias Klum for National Geographic
The rainbow constellation lives in South America, especially many boas in the Amazon region. It feeds on small animals, the largest animal that can be strangled is a large rat. If they feel the danger, they can bite, but it is not poisonous.
The venomous royal snake of Mexico from the family of already homogeneous. Lives in Mexico, occasionally meets in Texas.
The grape (pointed head) lives in Venezuela. As it is very beautiful and non-toxic, it is often kept in terrariums. Snake bites are toxic but not deadly. The main thing is to take action in time.
Weevil lives in America. It is completely safe for one person. Shy and timid, with the slightest danger, it releases a foul-smelling liquid and crawls away. In general, these are such “reptiles”.
Yellow snake snake. Its official name is bicolor bonito, it lives in salty sea water in the waters. Very poisonous, lives in the Far East. This is the only representative of a species, it absorbs air with its whole body, it rarely comes out. It hides in the algae, from where it emerges, bites the victim, stuns it with its tail and then strangles and eats. In general, these are three in one, a kind of sea cobra clamp, and even a dangerous fighter.
Rainbow Shieldtail. A very rare snake of South America. In total, three specimens were caught, very little is known about snakes of this species, it is not even clear whether they are venomous or not, but generally tail tails are mostly non-toxic. In the sun, the skin of a rainbow shield shines like a precious sapphire.
Texas snake or white rat snake. As the name implies, he lives in Texas as well as in Mexico. Not dangerous, not poisonous, noble beautiful. An ideal example for maintaining a terarium house.
Snake (rat snake) Baird. A very beautiful chameleon snake. In pebbles and sand it has a rusty red color and in the ground it becomes steel, the scales are cast with polished metal. Very rare color.
It changes color
Coral albino, a snake found in Texas, a rare subspecies of coral snake. Noxious. The color is like Russian designs embroidered on leather.
A coral snake that lives on the Hindustan Peninsula. A rare case of imitation, when the color of the coral snake is longitudinal and not transverse.
Red-haired – an extremely beautiful and venomous snake that lives in Vietnam, the islands of Malaysia and Indonesia. Very venomous, can eat other snakes. It looks like a glandular two-stripe snake in color, in which the upper stripe is not blue, but dark blue, almost black. Also poisonous, and also very dangerous. And he also eats a snake.
Python carpet. Beeline snake, no different. And because the company did not choose such a logo, it would be fun. Lives in Australia and Indonesia. It is not toxic, but can be easily strangled.
The Melllendorff snake, a non-toxic snake common in Southeast Asia.
The rainbow snake lives in the southeastern United States, feeding on marine life and small amphibians. Not aggressive, but if he feels danger, he can bite. Not poisonous.
The royal snake lives in the United States and Mexico. Usually, these snakes are gray with dark or creamy spots on the underside that turn bright red and orange on the tail.
An ordinary garter snake has the basic elements of a real live birth. The California subspecies of this snake is endangered.
Many people are afraid of snakes. However, not to mention their features and uniqueness is simply impossible. Cold-blooded animals surprise with their behavior, the initial way of movement, the strength of the effects of toxic substances and the unusual appearance. Snakes belong to a string. Reptiles enter the squamous group, a subset of a snake. The existence and well-being of cold-blooded animals is greatly affected by the ambient temperature. The study of snakes reveals unpredictable characteristics of reptiles and is gaining more and more audiences that this population cannot fail to love.
Characterization and structure of snakes
Until recently, 3,200 species of snakes were known to science and only 410 species are venomous. The most interesting and unusual feature of cold blood is the unique structure of the body. In length, an adult can grow up to nine meters. The smaller snakes grow up to 10 cm. The same variations apply to the weight of the representatives of the squamous series, starting from 10 grams and reaching 100 kg. The main feature of men is their long tail. they also grow to a smaller size.
The variety of body shapes is just amazing. There are people with long and slender bodies or, conversely, short and fat. These snakes that live near the sea have a flat appearance and often look like a ribbon. The skin of cold-blooded people is mostly dry, completely covered with scales or strange shields. In different parts of the body, the surface is different, for example, on the sides and back, the scales are small and look like tiles (as they overlap). The abdomen of most snakes is “scattered” with large semicircular plates.
The eyelids of snakes are motionless and seem to be able to hypnotize the victim. Reptiles never blink and still sleep with their eyes open. The unique structure of the skull allows even the smallest individuals to open their jaws so that a small rabbit can fit into it. This is because the upper jaw is connected to adjacent bones and is mobile, while the lower jaw elements are connected by a stretching ligament.
Due to the unusual body, the structure of the organs is also unique: everything is elongated and elongated closer to the head. The skeleton has a total of about 200-400 vertebrae, each of which is mobile and connected by ligaments. The snake slides on the ground due to the movement of the shields located in the abdomen. Thanks to the keratinized layers of the skin, cold-blooded animals move quickly without difficulty.
Despite all the characteristics of snakes, reptiles have poor eyesight and hearing. In return, nature rewarded them with a wonderful sense of smell and touch. Not the last role in space orientation is played by a language that is interrupted at the end. Many researchers call it a “sting”. Opening its mouth, the snake catches air with its tongue and sticks various particles and elements of the atmosphere, then the reptile brings the instrument to a specific position located in the mouth and smells, tastes.
In most cases, snakes use their venom for self-defense, it is also one of the ways to kill a victim.
Snake feeding and inactivation
What snakes eat depends on the size of a cold animal blood. The main diet of reptiles consists of rodents, certain types of insects. But the fact remains – all snakes eat animals. For individuals, it is considered a real treat for breakfast with small chickens or eggs. Thanks to the ability to climb trees, they easily destroy bird nests and enjoy a meal.
Meal is not taken daily. Snakes can deal with hunger and, provided there is water nearby, individuals may not eat for months. A characteristic of reptiles is their endurance and patience. Snakes hide in the middle of the foliage, waiting for prey on the road or on the ground, but hunting is done patiently and, as a rule, effectively. Cannibals swallow food from the head, but be careful not to injure themselves with the victim’s sharp teeth. Prior to this procedure, individuals try to immobilize the animal by pressing its body with its rings.
The food is digested for 2-9 days. The speed of the process depends on the health of the person, the ambient temperature, the size of the victim. To speed up digestion, many snakes expose the belly to the sun.
Snakes do not like cold weather, so already in late October – early November they leave for winter. As a home, individuals can choose a rodent hole, a straw, tree roots, cracks, crevices and other places. If the reptiles are close to humans, then they hide in basements, sewers, abandoned wells. Animal inactivation may be interrupted or not occur at all (if cold-blooded live in the tropics or).
Towards the beginning of April, representatives of the squalid group begin to leave their shelter. The exact time of “coming out of the dizziness” depends on the level of humidity, temperature and other factors. Almost all spring, snakes enjoy the sun. In summer, during the day, the animals prefer to be in the shade.
Many snake families
Experts disagree on the number of families in the area of snakes. Here is the most popular classification of reptiles:
Original – this family has more than 1,500 species. Among them are the most different snakes, which differ in color, shape, pattern and habitat. The representatives of this group increase from 10 cm to 3.5 meters. These include aquatic and terrestrial, burrowing and arterial cold-blooded. More than half of the snakes are non-venomous and are often placed in terrariums. At the same time, false snakes are considered venomous members of this group, as they have large teeth with grooves along which a dangerous substance flows.
Viper – the family includes more than 280 species. Most often, viper snakes are found on continents such as Asia, North America, Europe and Africa. The body length of cold-blooded animals ranges from 25 cm to 3.5 m. Representatives of this family have light zigzag or rhomboid designs on their sides and back. All individuals have long teeth that secrete venom.
Aspid – there are about 330 species of snakes. This group of reptiles is venomous. Individuals grow from 40 cm to 5 m. You can meet cold-blooded people on continents such as Asia, Africa, America and Australia.
Blind snakes – the family includes about 200 species. The snakes of this group live almost all over the planet.
Thanks to its adaptability, snakes can be found anywhere in the world. Although they belong to the same family, the animals have a variety of shapes, colors, different colors, habitats and other characteristics.
The brightest representatives of snakes
Among a wide variety of snakes, the most striking subspecies are considered snakes, vipers, shields, sea urchins and cold-blooded pseudopods. The following reptiles are considered the most interesting and unusual.
- Hamadriand (royal cobra)
If you bring all the snakes together, then the hamadriand will outgrow the rest. This species of edible animal is considered the largest, even giant and venomous. The King Cobra grows to 5.5 meters, the antidotes after its bite do not exist today. Terrible poison in 15 minutes kills the victim. In addition, snails can eat their own kind. Females can starve for three months, carefully guarding their eggs. On average, cobras live for about 30 years and are most often found in the territory of the state of India and the islands of Indonesia.
- Taipan Desert (hard snake)
It is very possible to meet a killer in the desert or plains of Australia. Very often, individuals of this species grow up to 2.5 meters. The venom of a wild snake is 180 times stronger than that of a cobra. The color of a cold animal blood depends on the weather. So in the heat, the taipans have skin like straw and in the cold – dark brown.
- Black mamba
The maximum growth of the black mamba is 3 meters. The reptile representative is considered to be the fastest (individuals can move at a speed of 11 km / h). A venomous snake kills a victim in a matter of seconds. However, the animal is not aggressive and can only attack a person when it senses a threat. The black mamba got its name because of the color of the mouth strip. The skin of the predator is olive, green, brown, sometimes mixed with metal.
- Kassava (Gabon Viper)
Large, greasy, poisonous – this is how the Gabon viper can be described. Individuals grow up to 2 meters in length and have a body circumference of about 0.5 meters. The main feature of the animals is the unique structure of the head – it has a triangular shape and small horns. This type of snake can be described as calm. Females are lively.
Anacondas belong to the boas family. These are the largest snakes, whose length can be 11 meters and weight – 100 kg. The “Water boa” lives in small rivers, lakes, swamps and belongs to non-toxic reptiles. The main food of cold-blooded animals is fish, waterfowl, iguanas and caimans.
A giant non-venomous snake 7.5 meters long. Females differ from males in their strong body and large size. Pythons prefer to eat small and medium-sized mammals. They can easily swallow a leopard, jackal and fall prey for many days. Egg snakes of this type hatch, maintaining the desired temperature.
- Eggs (African eggs)
The animals feed exclusively on eggs and are longer than 1 meter. Due to the unique structure of the skull, small snakes easily swallow large prey. The cervical vertebrae break the shell and the contents of the eggs are swallowed, while the shell drains.
- Radiant snake
Non-venomous snakes with excellent body color. Individuals grow up to 1 meter and feed on lizards, small rodents.
Blind snake in the shape of a worm
Small representatives of reptiles (length does not exceed 38 cm) in appearance look like earthworms. They are located under a stone, in bushes, on rocky slopes.
Non-toxic snakes include the following representatives of cold-blooded animals:
Already common – the distinctive features are yellow or orange spots on the sides of the head.
Amur snake – the length of the animal can reach 2.4 m, belongs to the family already ugly.
Non-toxic snakes also include tiger and pure python, milk snake, tortilla, yellow snake and aesculapius snake.
Cold-blooded animals love to be alone. But during mating, they become very friendly and affectionate. The “dance” of the males can take many hours before the female agrees to fertilize. Most snakes are egg-laying animals, but there are some species that give birth to live young children. Snake masonry can reach 120,000 eggs (habitat and reptile species affect this process).
Adolescence of snakes occurs in the second year of life. The female is sought by the smell, after which the males encircle the body of the chosen one. Surprisingly, the parents of newborns do not give them the slightest attention.
Conclusion on types of snakes with pictures
Snakes are amazing creatures that differ in size, shape, skin color and habitat. The unique structure of the body, an interesting way of life and the nature of their individuals make it a bright object of research. That is all you need to know about the types of snakes
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