How to Start Snail Farming Business In Nigeria (2022)

This post will explain how to Start Snail Farming Business In Nigeria. Snail farming in Nigeria is a lucrative industry that may bring in millions of Naira per year if done correctly. Many individuals have yet to properly exploit this agricultural industry. If you want to establish a snail farm but don’t know where to start, we’ve put up a step-by-step tutorial in this post to help you get started.

How To Start A Snail Farming Business In Nigeria

Are you looking for a profitable Business to Invest In Nigeria? consider Snail farming, also known as heliculture, which is the practice of growing or producing snails for human food, slime (which is extremely helpful in the cosmetics business), eggs, or other economic purposes. Despite the fact that it has the potential to make a fortune, few individuals in the country are involved in it. Only a few people are smiling all the way to the bank directly from their snail farm, which is surprising given that snail farming is a very profitable company with great benefits and market potential.

If you want to start a snail farming business in Nigeria, you can choose from a variety of snail species, but the two most common air-breathing tropical land snails are Achatinaachatina, also known as the giant African snail or the giant tiger land snail, and Archachatinamarginata, also known as the giant West African snail or the banana rasp snail. These snails are terrestrial and belong to the Achatinidae family. They may grow up to 20 cm in length and survive for up to ten years.

Snails are high in protein, phosphorus, calcium, and iron, as well as low in fats, salt, and cholesterol, making them a nutritious food choice. The optimum time to start a snail farming company in Nigeria is during the rainy season, which runs from mid-June to October. This is when snails begin to breed. It’s also worth noting that rates for snails skyrocket during the dry season, which runs from December to March.

This means that you may generate more money as a snail farmer during the dry season. Let’s take a look at the stages required in beginning a snail company in the country today, with that in mind.


The following are the steps to starting a snail farming business in Nigeria in 2022:


The first step in starting a snail farming company in Nigeria is deciding which type of snail to farm. There are several snail breeds in Nigeria nowadays, as we covered previously in the essay, and some of them include the following:

Thebapisana (white garden snail), Cornuaspersum (garden snail), Helix pomatia (Burgundy snail), and the most popular Achatinaachatina (giant African snail) and Archachatinamarginata (West African giant snail).

Because of their productivity and economic size, the gigantic African and giant West African snails are the ideal species for heliculture.


The design and type of home you build for your snails will be determined by the size of your snail farmland. The comfort of the snails you want to grow will be determined by the home you build. It is recommended that you acquire permanent farmland if you wish to go into commercial snail farming.

Snails, on the other hand, may be raised in boxes constructed of appropriate materials such as wire gauze and wood. The sort of snail home you build will be determined by the snails’ developmental stage and behavior.

Please be advised that younger snails will demand more comfortable housing, which must be protected from predators. You should also keep in mind that snails thrive in dark, damp environments, so try to keep them out of direct sunshine and heat as much as possible.

To control the temperature, use fresh leaves and a towel. Snails are quickly dehydrated, and wind accelerates moisture loss in snail housing, causing them to become dry. If you want to keep snails from losing water too rapidly, you should keep them in a wind-protected area.


Following the installation of housing for your snails on the farmland where you intend to grow them, you will need to acquire the snail species that are most suited to your company, as we said previously in the article.

Before acquiring and transporting snails to your farm for raising, make sure to inspect them thoroughly and determine whether they are healthy. You’ll need to acquire full-grown snails in order for them to lay as many eggs as possible, so look for them carefully at the market before buying.


Early in the morning and late at night are the best times to feed snails. Don’t forget to give them some water to drink. Fruits and vegetables such as banana, watermelon, cabbage, carrot, pawpaw, lettuce, cucumber, potato, pumpkin, and plantain, to name a few, can be fed to snails.

Snails also eat green leaves and non-salted human crumbs, so make an effort to give them these vital foods. They also need calcium to develop their shells, which is why eggshells and limestone must be included in their diets.

Water leaves, cocoyam, pawpaw, okra, cassava, eggplant, cabbage, lettuce, and banana leaves, as well as leftovers at home such as rice, beans, pap, maize, basics, and others without salt, can be fed to your snails on a daily basis. Make sure their meals contain enough calcium to boost their development rate and cause them to thicken their shells to keep them from shattering.

You may put the calcium in a feeding dish and let the snails consume it whenever they like. Please keep in mind that snails drink a lot of water, and a lack of water might cause them to get rapidly dehydrated, resulting in sterility and stunting. Snails, like desert snails, can hibernate for up to two years if there is a drought. Dehydration of cultured snails, on the other hand, should be avoided.


Snails mature in two years on average, and only mature ones should be picked. You can tell which ones have matured by looking at the brim of the shell. Snail shells with mature brims are thicker and tougher than the rest of the shell. You won’t be able to sell all of the adult ones since you’ll need a couple for breeding and base stock.

Harvest your snails using containers, bowls, boxes, and baskets, and 10kg per pack is typically optimal due to the fragility of snails. Depending on the size and season, an adult snail may bring anywhere from N300 to N800 in the market.

Read Also: Okporoko Business: How to Start Stock Fish Business In Nigeria


So, we have provided you with the information you need to start your snail farming, so you have been armed, go ahead and start the business.


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