Here are the Top Most Peaceful Countries in Africa. Current war and peace discourse presents Africa as a conflict-torn continent with the world’s worst refugee and internal migration problem.
That this region is incredibly impoverished, plagued by a history of colonialism, and increasingly threatened by Islamic terrorism is the focus of the argument. There have been numerous conflicts in Africa over a wide range of issues, including land, resources, political power, money, and security as well as religion and identity in the last two decades.
The root of many of these conflicts is disagreements over the country’s fundamental vision, strife over state-society ties, and squabbles over who gets to lead. But in places like Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire, Rwanda and Angola and Namibia, and South Africa these wars are over.
There is a growing gap between the world’s most peaceful and least peaceful countries, according to the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP). A non-profit think tank, the IEP emphasizes peace as a good, achievable, and observable indicator of progress in human affairs.
For the second time in a decade, there has been a significant increase in peacefulness. Iraq rose considerably in the rankings for the second year in a row.
10 Most Peaceful Countries in Africa
Mauritius has remained the continent’s most stable and tranquil nation for decades thus making it number one on our list of Peaceful Countries in Africa. The country is recognized as the 28th most tranquil in the globe on a global scale. The country’s election was free and fair, and its economy is strong and stable, according to the Global Peace Index.
Mauritian Island is a small one in the Indian Ocean. One of the most serene regions on the earth has long been regarded as Africa.
Peaceful steps have been implemented by the Mauritius government, including measures to prevent firearms from falling into the wrong hands and efforts to bridge cultural and religious divides.
There has been little turmoil in Ghana, which is the only country in West Africa to be classified as a third-world country while simultaneously increasing its wealth. Natural resources including crude oil and gold are also abundant in the country.
Due to its political stability, the country has been able to experience peace for a long period of time. The people of Ghana, despite the country’s ethnic and religious divisions, live in peace and harmony.
The country’s serenity has been aided by the country’s stability. African countries are moving away from single-party rule to multiparty rule.
In contrast, since its independence, Botswana has been a multiparty democracy. For the most part, the country of Botswana is a peaceful one with little to no political upheaval, war, or violence. With regard to important key events, the country has never faced a dangerously more violent path.
The country hasn’t undergone considerable social or colonial system devastation, as has been the case in many African countries.
4. Sierra Leone
In the years between 1991 and 2002, Sierra Leone was one of the world’s most unstable countries. At least tens of thousands of individuals were killed in the country’s civil war.
In order to restore order, the armed forces of the United Kingdom and the United Nations intervened. One of Africa’s most calm countries, Sierra Leone is now fourth in Africa and 46th overall.
After the civil war, Sierra Leone’s government began a peace-building initiative. Following the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, victims were rehabilitated, damaged towns were rebuilt, and the government and economy were stabilized.
Following the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, victims were rehabilitated, damaged towns were rebuilt, and the government and economy were stabilized.
The Gambia is Africa’s fifth most serene country and the 53rd most quiet in the world. Gambian elections in 2017 were calm, despite the country’s unstable socio-economic and political context, and a new political system was established through democratic methods.
Senegal is Africa’s sixth most peaceful country and the world’s 56th most peaceful country due to the cohabitation of numerous faith groups. As a result of its long history of diplomatic, financial, and intellectual cooperation with other countries throughout the world, the country has remained relatively stable. With smooth transitions of power, Senegal has enjoyed a long history of democracy.
The country has never had a military takeover, which sets it apart from some of its neighbors. A low-level civil war has raged for the past three decades, but it hasn’t been large enough to threaten the country’s peace and security. French and North African influences are evident in the country’s cuisine, which is also influenced by local traditions.
According to the UN’s Global Peace Index, Tanzania ranks seventh in Africa and 58th worldwide. East Africa’s the calmest country, it is also the most peaceful country in the world. Twenty years after gaining independence, the economic situation of Tanzania began to worsen significantly. A single-party system replaced the previous multiparty democracy.
It didn’t take long for Tanzania to become a one-party state. Despite its political atmosphere, Tanzania is a peaceful country with a strong sense of civic responsibility and a sense of community. Race, religion, ethnicity, or politics are not key factors in the conflict in Tanzania.
Eighth on our list of the calmest African countries is Namibia. Despite this, it has an overall peace score of 1.861, making it the world’s 62nd most peaceful country. In addition to the tranquility, this area is home to a wide variety of wildlife. A year later, the country declared its independence from South Africa.
No major internal or external confrontations have occurred since then, ensuring political stability in the country. Despite the fact that Namibian elections are highly competitive, they tend to be quiet and orderly. On a regular basis, Namibians have the right to peaceful assembly, which the government strives to uphold, as well.
9. Equatorial Guinea
Africa’s ninth-most calm country is Equatorial Guinea. It is also one of the world’s most peaceful nations, coming in at number 68. Only two presidents have served the country since it gained independence in 1968. The current president, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, has served since August 1979.
For the second-longest amount of time, he has been the world’s non-royal national leader. Even though Equatorial Guinea is a peaceful country, free and fair elections are difficult to conduct because the country is a one-party state.
Malawi, Africa’s tenth most Peaceful Countries in Africa, is also one of East Africa’s most tranquil. It is widely agreed that the East African nation is the world’s 73rd-most peaceful nation. Malawi has surpassed Liberia and Namibia to become Africa’s seventh-most peaceful country.
Malawi has risen six places in the global rankings to 59th place. The country’s people are known for their kindness, making it a popular tourist destination.
Managing conflict and maintaining peace in a country requires more than just strong political leadership, good peacekeeping practices, effective mediation, and the availability of adequate official capacity.
While the state and society interact, as well as various factions within a society, there is a great deal of potential to be found in these relationships. There are many places to find it, including civics and history schools, professional associations, the views pushed by traditional and social media, the habits instilled by old and new legal norms, interfaith conduct, and the arts and cultural events,
It is possible to unite or split a society through these social interactions and attitudes. Traditional approaches to understanding conflict management often miss the potential contribution organizations and social institutions in conflict zones can offer to peace and stability.