How many National Parks And Game Reserves in Nigeria have you visited? Do you know Nigeria is blessed with a plethora of natural reserves, natural resources, and nature’s mystery surprises? In this article, we will be telling you about all of Nigeria’s national parks and game reserves and their location.
National parks and game reserves are homes to a number of species including extinct, surplus, and on the brink of extinction.
The naturally conducive environment makes a base for different species whether adapted to the cold or warmth, the country is vast enough to occupy them all.
List of National Parks And Game Reserves in Nigeria
List of National Parks in Nigeria
1. CHAD BASIN NATIONAL PARK
Established in 1991 this park lies fragmented between Yobe and Borno states with two of the sectors in Yobe state in different local governments.
The sectors are:
Chingurmi-Dugumi – Borno state
Bade-Nguru wetlands – Yobe state
Bulatura – Yobe state
The Chingurmi-Dugumi sector located in the Bama local government area of Borno shares boundaries with the Waza national park in Cameroon.
It includes the Hadeji-nguru wetlands and parts of the sambisa game reserve.
It is also home to multiple species and the soil has a huge presence of potash.
2. CROSS RIVER NATIONAL PARK
Established in 1991 and 1998 respectively the okwangwo and obang national park are two sections of the park.
The rainforest park is considered one of the oldest rainforests in Africa; largely considered a biodiversity spot because of the presence of over 16 species and rare primates as well.
The national park shares boundaries with the Guinea-Congolian Republic with a high-reaching canopy of trees.
Attractions available at this park are common chimpanzees, drills, and gorillas although the grey-cheeked mangabey has been declared extinct recently. It contains 1,568 plant species, although highly under-explored over 350 bird species have been discovered, and at least 70 mammal species.
It is a cause for concern that the park isn’t properly explored and taken care of, poaching takes place, destruction of wildlife by the surrounding villages, and the continuous pillaging of already extinct breeds.
3.GASHAKA GUMTI NATIONAL PARK
This national park is located in Taraba and also shares boundaries with Adamawa and Cameroon. The river Benue also flows into the water in this park, there’s a reported Fulani settlement in the area.
There are over 103 mammal species available in this park alone, it is also known as the largest chimpanzee settlement in Africa, it contains other species such as African elephant, African golden cat, African buffalo, yellow-backed dulker and so much more.
It is important to know that it is also home to the native Adamawa reedbuck. It contains also over 500 species of birds.
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4. YANKARI NATIONAL PARK
Located in Bauchi state and the most popular tourist destination in Nigeria, the Yankari national park was formerly known as yankari games reserve before the name change in 1991.
In the year 2000, the park had a staggering amount of over 20,000 visitors from over a hundred different countries and the numbers have since increased.
The national park is home to over 50 species of mammals and is also the largest elephant settlement in Africa.
It contains African bush elephants, olive baboons, patas monkeys, tantalus monkeys, roan antelope, African buffalo, water-buck, hippopotamus, African lion, and western hartebeest.
It is also home to 350 birds, of which some are native to the park and the other aviation species are intra-African species that constantly fly within Nigeria.
5. KAINJI NATIONAL PARK
Established in 1978 the kanji national park is located in Kwara state and Niger state much like the chad basin national park, it is divided into three sections.
The kainji lake where fishing is highly restricted, the borgu game reserve to the east of this river, and the zugourma game reserve to the southeast of the river.
In 2005 the restricted area was considered a lion conservation area in collaboration with the yankari national park and is protected by the FEDERAL NATIONAL PARK SERVICE (FNPS) to discourage poachers and if caught will be persecuted by law.
The park also enjoys the privilege of federal and state funding. The borgu game reserve is largely made up of the Savanah and is larger than the zuguma game reserve.
These parks are home to 65 mammal species, 350 bird species,82 fish species in the lake, and 35 reptiles and amphibian species. It has 164 species of dicots and 110 species of monocots.
Although these species have been seeing a steady decline due to the amount of poaching going on despite the protection by the FNPS. New policies have now been set up to better protect these fast-depleting species.
6. KAMUKU NATIONAL PARK
It was established in 1936 as the Native Authority Forest Reserve of BirninGwari under the Northern Nigeria Government, it is currently situated in Kaduna state.
It was formerly a game reserve before its upgrade in May 1999 changed it to a national park. It is protected by Savannah Conservation Nigeria.
The park and its surroundings have one of the best-protected eco-blocks in the country. This park is habitat to over 177 aviation species, and a large collection of mammals such as elephants, roan antelopes, duikers, hartebeest, baboons, warthogs, bushbuck, patas monkeys, and green monkeys.
7. OKOMU NATIONAL PARK
Established in 1935 this park was formerly known as the Okomu Wildlife Sanctuary, it is located in Edo state in the Ovia South-west local government area.
The park has 33 species of mammals and is also home to the endangered African elephant. These 150 species of birds are available, 46 species of 11 molluscan families.
The park currently faces threats of environmental degradation as the surrounding villages continuously encroach the park in a rapid manner, the forest size has been reduced to one-third of the original size it was in 1935. Strict rules have been put in place for tourists who come to visit so as to restrict the amount of threat to the forest.
Now that we’re done with the 7 national parks we have in Nigeria, we will be moving on to the game reserves available. Although, in our research some of the game reserves we will be looking at have been upgraded to national parks so stay on;
List of National Game Reserves In Nigeria
KASHIMBILA GAME RESERVE
The Kashimbila Game Reserve was established in 1977. It is located in Takum local government area in Taraba state.
OMO FOREST RESERVE
It is a tropical rainforest in Ogun state, it is now under the UNESCO BIOSPHERE RESERVE. There are over 200 species of trees and 125 species of birds recorded in this environment and among the endangered species found here are chimpanzees, elephants, and white-throated guenon monkeys.
The area is threatened by poaching, illegal agricultural activities, and timber harvesting although the Nigerian Forest Elephant group seeks to educate the surrounding community on the harm of damaging the ecosystem around them.
IDANRE FOREST RESERVE
It is located in the Idanre local government area of Ondo state, it is a lowland rain forest. It was designated by the INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CONSERVATION OF NATURE and is considered a world heritage site.
NGEL NYAKI FOREST RESERVE
Found in Taraba state the forest reserve is the home to the rare and endangered Nigerian-Cameroonian chimpanzees, 4 species of monkeys, and a diverse species of birds, it is also home to the freshwater crawfish.
AKURE OFOSU FOREST RESERVE
The reserve is found in Ondo State, Akure, and is large conservation of chimpanzees.
LEKKI CONSERVATION CENTER
Found in Lagos state and established in 1990, it is a biodiversity conservation center and doubles as a rescue unit for endangered species like bushbucks, crocodiles, mona monkeys, squirrels, snakes, and crocodiles, monitor lizards, duikers, giant rats, and hogs.
While the trees host mona monkeys and other species of monkeys. This conservation center also boasts of the longest canopy walkway in Africa.
OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK/GAME RESERVE
This national game reserve lies between northern Oyo state and southern Kwara state. Previously home to the endangered West African wild dog which is now extinct in the park because of hunting and poaching that has taken place in the environment.
The park also contains the IKERE GORGE DAM that sends water through the park.
AFI FOREST RESERVE
This forest reserve is found in Cross River state which is also home to the cross river state national park. In 2008 it was reported that the gorillas were threatened due to the constant logging and farming going on in the area and in recent times the reserve has been threatened by the proposed superhighway to be built in that area.
ERWA NATURE RESERVES
It is located in Borno State, it is a conservation aimed at preserving wildlife and encouraging the influx of tourists.
EDUMANOM FOREST RESERVE
It is found in Bayelsa state in Nembe and Brass local government area. It is a freshwater forest and home to some of the nation’s chimpanzees, it also conserves the nation’s Sclater’s guenon monkeys that have been considered vulnerable but not endangered. It is also the last known settlement of chimpanzees in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.
MBEH MOUNTAINS COMMUNITY FOREST
Located in also in cross river state this mountain reserve has mountains at the towering height of 900 meters and is the home of the endangered cross-river monkeys. It also houses the grey-necked rock fowl and the Nigerian-Cameroonian chimpanzees.
We have come to the end of the list of the Nigerian national parks and game reserves, we hope you enjoyed it. Leave a comment below.
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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How many national parks do we have in Nigeria?
We have seven national parks in Nigeria
What are the lists of game reserves we have in Nigeria and their location
MBEH MOUNTAINS COMMUNITY FOREST – Cross River state
EDUMANOM FOREST RESERVE – Bayelsa state
ERWA NATURE RESERVES – Borno state
OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK/GAME RESERVE – Oyo state
LEKKI CONSERVATION CENTER – Lagos state
AKURE OFOSU FOREST RESERVE – Ondo state
NGEL NYAKI FOREST RESERVE – Taraba state
IDANRE FOREST RESERVE – Ondo state
OMO FOREST RESERVE – Ogun state
KASHIMBILA GAME RESERVE – Taraba state
AFI FOREST RESERVE – Cross River state